Bài 4 Cấu tạo danh từ

  1. Tóm tắt bài giảng: Bài học này sẽ giúp các em tìm hiểu về các đặc điểm nhận dạng để biết đâu là một danh từ nhé. 
  2. Cấu tạo Danh từ

– Đuôi của từ (WORD ENDINGS)

  1. COMMON NOUN (THING) ENDINGS
  2. –ism : baptism, criticism, organism, heroism, patriotism, alcoholism,

barbarism, dwarfism, parallelism

  1. –nce : importance, significance, dependence, arrogance, resistance,

subsistence

  1. –ness: bitterness, happiness, darkness, hardness, carelessness
  2. –ion : excision, damnation, pollution, suggestion, a notion, an action, vexation, concoction, completion, suspicion, decision.
  3. –ment : abridgement, accomplishment, banishment, commencement,

embodiment, enhancement, excitement, fragment, garment,   ornament, treatment

  1. –(i)ty : purity, authority, dubiety, majority, superiority, humidity, cruelty,

faculty, honesty, plenty, safety, subtlety

 

  1. –age : baggage, carriage, cartage, damage, dotage, hermitage, homage          language, luggage, marriage, passage, tillage, tonnage, vicarage,
  2. –ship : citizenship, headship, professorship, chairmanship,

fellowship, scholarship, companionship, friendship, hardship, relationship, craftsmanship, entrepreneurship, horsemanship, membership, courtship

  1. –th : bath, birth, death, oath, growth, stealth, filth, health, length, strength,

truth,           depth,        breadth, wealth.

  1. –dom : freedom, kingdom, officialdom, wisdom
  2. –hood : childhood,       falsehood,       sisterhood,      brotherhood,

neighborhood, likelihood, livelihood

  1. –ure : closure, picture, scripture, legislature, nature, failure, pleasure.
  2. –cy : bankruptcy, captaincy, democracy, privacy, delicacy, advocacy,

confederacy, accuracy, obstinacy, piracy, , aristocracy, expectancy, efficiency, presidency, sufficiency, deficiency

  1. –(t)ry : rivalry, ancestry, carpentry, industry, greenery, machinery, scenery,

bakery,        brewery,        bravery,           slavery, archery

  1. –logy : archaeology, geology, sociology, theology, zoology 16.  –graphy : bibliography, biography

 

  1. COMMON NOUN (PERSON) ENDINGS
  2. – or : actor, creator, doctor, monitor, sculptor, successor, guarantor,

conqueror, donor, governor, solicitor, tailor, visitor. bachelor

  1. – er : teacher, interviewer, hatter, geographer, astrologer, cottager, foreigner, Londoner, writer, New Yorker, northerner, villager, airliner, old-timer, sorcerer
  2. – ee         : employee, payee, devotee, escapee, conferee, absentee, refugee.
  3. – ist : chemist, dramatist, economist, geologist; dentist, pianist, tobacconist; Buddhist, Darwinist, idealist, Marxist, racist, optimist, pessimist
  4. – ician    : magician, physician,  musician, electrician, beautician,

politician, statistician, mathematician, mortician,

  1. – ant (10%) : assistant, accountant,  consultant, contestant, inhabitant
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