Từ vựng đồng nghĩa hay dùng trong IELTS

phần chữ xanh là từ khó đỏ là từ cơ bản nhé các bạn
1. Advantage (n) 
benefit/ strength/ positive aspect/ merit 
E.g. 1: One of the many benefits of foreign travel is learning how to cope with the unexpected. 
E.g. 2: One distinct merit of imported food is that it offers consumers more choices. 
2. Always (adv) 
invariably: Luôn luôn 
E.g. High blood pressure is almost invariably accompanied by high blood cholesterol. 
3. Amazing (adj) 
incredible/ astonishing (impossible, or very difficult, to believe.)  E.g. 1:  Her first novel enjoyed an astonishing success. 
 extraordinary (very unusual, special, unexpected, or strange.)  E.g. 2: The rain forest is home to many extraordinary creatures. 
fabulous/ fantastic (very good, excellent.)  E.g. 3: We had a fabulous time at the party. 
4. Attractive (adj) 
appealing/ absorbing/
absorbing story: Câu chuyện hấp dẫn 
engrossing story: Câu chuyện cuốn hút 
 E.g. 1: I found the movie completely engrossing from beginning to end. 
E.g. 2: Fishing can be a totally absorbing hobby
5. Awful (adj) 
 terrible/ dreadful/ disgusting/ revolting (very bad or extremely unpleasant)  E.g. 1: The calamity (tai họa) caused by the economic crisis was dreadful (unpleasant) 
abominable /əˈbɒmɪnəbl/ (extremely unpleasant and causing horror)  E.g. 2: The judge described the attack as an abominable crime. 
 appalling (extremely bad, especially from a moral point of view)  E.g. 3: It was one of the most appalling atrocities (sự tàn bạo) of the war. 
6. Beautiful (adj) 
gorgeous/ ravishing/ dazzling/ splendid (very beautiful and attractive)  E.g. 1: From our hotel, there were gorgeous views of the city. 
E.g. 2: A dazzling smile flashed across his face. 
exquisite (extremely beautiful or carefully made)   E.g. 3: Her wedding dress was absolutely exquisite. 
stunning (rather informal)   E.g. 4: They make a stunning couple. 
7. Believe (v) 
trust/ accept 
E.g. Their workforce is widely accepted to have the best conditions in Europe. 
8. Best (adj) 
greatest/ finest/ first-rate/ first-class/ second to none/ premier  E.g. 1: This movie features some of her finest work.  E.g. 2: The car was in first-class condition. 
E.g. 3: We provide a service that is second to none. 
E.g. 4: The new Institute of Contemporary Art is one of Boston’s premier attractions.  top (highest in rank, degree or importance) 
E.g. 5: Welfare reform is a top priority for the government. 
 ultimate (most extreme; best, worst, greatest, most important, etc.)  E.g. 6: Nuclear weapons are the ultimate deterrent. 
9. Big (adj) 
 large (big in size or quantity) 
 E.g. 1: The population is slightly larger than that of Canada. 
 huge/ enormous/ tremendous/ immense/ gigantic/ massive (extremely large in size or amount; great in degree) 
  E.g. 2: Anti-social behavior affects a huge number of people daily. 
  E.g. 3: Universities are under enormous pressure financially. 
  E.g. 4: The government put massive amounts of money into the health service. 
10. Build (v) 
  erect/ construct 
  E.g. 1: The war memorial was erected in 1950. 
  establish (to start or create an organization, a system, etc. that is meant to last for a long time) 
 E.g. 2: They now hope to establish a centre in Cuba. 
11. Competitor (n) 
 rival/ opponent/ adversary 
  E.g. The business needed to revive profits and compete with new rivals. 
12. Change (v) 
 transform/ convert (to change or make something change from one form, purpose, system, etc. to another) 
  E.g. 1: Materials are transformed from their original state into other forms.  alter (to become different; to make somebody/something different)  E.g. 2: The landscape has been radically altered by changes in the climate. 
13. Dangerous (adj) 
  hazardous /risky/ perilous /ˈperələs/
  E.g. 1: Britain produces almost five million tonnes of hazardous waste each year. 
  E.g. 2: Teenagers often engage in risky behavior. 
  E.g. 3: They endured (chịu đựng – bear) a perilous journey through thickening fog. 
  precarious (of a situation) not safe or certain; dangerous)  E.g. 4: He earned a precarious living as an artist. 
14. Decide (v) 
  determine/ settle 
 E.g. 1: The government determined on a change of policy. 
 E.g. 2: It’s been settled that we leave on the nine o’clock plane. 
15. Decline (n)  
  reduction/ fall/ decrease 
  E.g. 1: This year has seen a 33% reduction in the number of hospital beds available. 
  slump/ drop (to fall in price, value, number, etc., suddenly and by a large amount)  E.g. 2: Oil prices have slumped quite badly in recent months. 
 recession (a period when the economy of a country is not doing well, industrial production and business activity are at a low level, and there are many people unemployed) (khủng hoảng) 
 E.g. 3: The country is sliding into the depths of (a) recession. 
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